What's The Difference Between UI And UX - A Beginner's Guide


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Praise Iwuh

August 18, 2022

What's The Difference Between UI And UX - A Beginner's Guide


They are the dominant buzzwords of the technological era. UX/UI design is pinned to every job posting and is a common topic of discussion. However,

  • What does UX/UI entail in detail?
  • What is the difference between the two?

This article will explain everything a novice needs to know about UX and UI.

The market for digital infrastructure is expanding at an incredible rate.

As a result, the rapid development of mobile apps, high-tech websites, and websites worldwide is even more critical.

This article will explain the key differences between user experience design (UX) and user interface design (UI).

The topics we'll be discussing in this article are listed below:

  • What Is UI/UX: The Definition
  • What Is User Interface (UI) Design?
  • The User Interface (UI) Design
  • The User Experience (UX) Design
  • What's The Difference Between UI/UX Design?
  • How Do UI and UX Design Work Together?
  • What Do UI and UX Designs Comprise Of?
  • What Do UI/UX Designers Do?




Despite their significant distinctions, the terms "UX" and "UI" appear synonymous. Both parts are essential to the success of a digital product, but their roles are distinct.


User experience (UX) design is the process of developing goods that are easy to use and offer a meaningful and relevant experience to users. User experience design begins with a thorough grasp of the customer and their objectives.

You'll note that this definition mentions technology or digital; UX design simply refers to designing for how people think.


UI is a technical phrase, unlike UX. The visual layer of a digital product is its user interface (UI) design. UI compliments UX. The primary focus of UI designers is the website's aesthetics.

When considering UI, consider colours, typography, spacing, graphics, and additional ways to create the tone, demonstrate professionalism, establish trust, and evoke emotion.

UX would be ineffective without UI.


Let’s look at it this way:

UX is analogous to an architect's blueprint in that it specifies the structure and functionality of a project. In addition, the user interface is comparable to interior design in that it is crucial but can only be completed effectively once the blueprint has been implemented.


Let’s take a comprehensive look at the UI/UX concept.



 User Interface design focuses on the product's visual appearance, as well as the product's functionality and presentation. Typically, it's used to describe the element's actual physical layout. Instead, the emphasis is on the visual components, including colours, font, icon size, and imagery.

Usability and the overall user experience are the primary goals of UI design.


Designers of user interfaces create each screen that a user sees and interacts with while navigating a site.

User experience designers are responsible for spiking and keeping visitors' interest in a website. This is because the interface is the first thing they see when they land on a website.


The purpose of UI design is to improve user interaction. For example, as a result of the design of a website's user interface, a user's decision to stay or go is significantly influenced.

Most mobile UI design focuses on the visual representation and typography design of an app or website to determine its functionality.

A user interface (UI) designer is accountable for most of a website's aesthetic appeal.

User interface design (or UI design) for mobile design entails numerous facets of how a human interacts with a machine or device. It contains:

  • Digital Graphics Design
  • Typography Design
  • Design Components
  • Digital Content
  • The Outer Layer, and
  • Primary Interactions.



In User Interface design, the following steps are taken:


Step1: Research 

This step involves identifying the target audience and researching the design's challenges and scope.


Step 2: Design

The designer prepares a final layout design in which the proper interface components such as buttons, icons, sliders, scrollbars, beautiful colour themes, proper fonts, optimized photos, organized navigation and responsive design are selected by the designer in this step.


Step 3: Test 

It's important to conduct usability testing to determine what's wrong with the product and then fix it.



User experience design refers to developing relationships between a corporation, its products, and its clients.  

User experience design is the process of investigating, designing, and enhancing all aspects of a user's contact with a company's product to meet the needs of the users.

The objective is to improve the user's experience with the product based on test results, resulting in a product that is both valuable and useful, as well as easy to obtain and pleasurable to use.

User experience design is a human-centred approach to creating things.

User experience design (UX) increases user satisfaction with a product by enhancing the product's usability, accessibility, and enjoyment of use.

UX design combines technical and analytical disciplines and involves all interactions between a company and a potential or current customer.

The UX design of a product contributes to the product's user experience. It involves a variety of disciplines, such as graphic design, interaction design, and usability.

UX design focuses on who, when, where, why, and how the product is utilized. UX design is user-centric and focuses on the needs and desires of the user.

  • How do consumers engage with it?
  • How do they obtain data?
  • Where do they navigate by clicking?

All of these are components of the user experience. Simply states that the emphasis is on the layout of graphics.



The implementation steps involved in UX design are:


Step1: Research

 During this phase, you will attempt to comprehend the requirements, analyze customers and competitors, and determine the demands of the end-users. This information can be used to generate user personas and experience maps.


Step 2: Design 

This phase will determine the functioning and features of the product. The UX designer creates a basic design using the collected data. During this phase, it is common to create paper sketches, wireframes, sitemaps, and prototypes.


Step 3: Validation 

During the validation phase, the designer conducts a usability investigation to determine whether or not the product created in the design phase is effective. The procedure will continue until the customer is pleased.




UX and UI are inseparable; you cannot have one without the other. However, you do not require UI design abilities to become a UX designer and vice versa; UX and UI are discrete positions with distinct processes and responsibilities.


UX design is concerned with the whole feel of the experience. In contrast, UI design is concerned with the appearance and functionality of the product's interfaces.


A UX designer evaluates the entirety of the user's journey to address a specific problem;

  • What stages do they take?
  • What obligations must they fulfil?
  • What is the degree of simplicity?


Much of their work is devoted to determining what types of difficulties and pain-points people face and how a particular product might alleviate these issues.

In addition, they will undertake comprehensive user research to determine the intended audience and their wants concerning a specific product.


Then, they will map out the user's journey across a product, taking into account factors such as information architecture — i.e., how the content is organized and labelled across a product — and the functionality that the user may require. Eventually, they will develop wireframes that outline the product's rudimentary structure.


After the product's skeleton has been planned out, the UI designer is responsible for bringing it to life. First, the UI designer examines all visual components of the user's journey, including all the different screens and touchpoints the user may experience, for example, hitting a button, scrolling down a page, and swiping through an image gallery.


While the UX designer sketches out the journey, the UI designer focuses on all the elements that make it possible. That is not to suggest that UI design is only about aesthetics; UI designers significantly impact whether or not a product is accessible and inclusive.

In summary, here are the key differences between UI vs UX design:

  • UX design is concerned with detecting and resolving user issues. In contrast, UI design involves developing interactive, intuitive, and visually beautiful interfaces.
  • UX design typically precedes UI design in the product development process. The UX designer outlines the skeleton of the user journey, while the UI designer adds visual and interactive aspects.
  • UX can be employed for any product, service, or experience, whereas UI is unique to digital products and experiences.


User Interface focuses on visual design, which encompasses the entire portion visible to the user's sight.

  • Use of icons, forms, and graphics to provide context for the user's activities.
  • Interface, image, button, and text colour schemes: The use of fonts and styles like bold, underlined, and italics.
  • Page layout: gaps between blocks, the number of graphical interface elements, etc.


User Experience represents what is referred to as the "science of the user," thus:

  • approach understanding user requirements
  • The development of prototypes, scenarios, etc.


As we have established, UX and UI are inextricably linked.

While there are millions of examples of great products with only one or the other, consider how much more successful they would have been if they had excelled in both fields.


UX design is the cake, and UI design is the icing.

Imagine a scenario in which you have a brilliant idea for an app, something that is sorely lacking on the market and could genuinely improve people's lives.

You hire a UX designer to conduct user research and assist you in determining precisely what features your app should have and how to map out the entire user journey.


Your app provides something your target audience requires and desires; however when they download it, the text on each screen is illegible (think the yellow text on a white background). In addition, the buttons are too close together; they keep pressing the wrong one! This is a classic example of poor UI ruining what might have been a terrific user experience.


On the other hand, have you ever encountered a stunning website that, despite its mind-blowing animations and impeccable colour scheme, was an actual hassle to use?


Unfortunately, bad UX can never be compensated for by a good UI; it's like biting into a beautifully designed dessert that tastes lousy.


Therefore, when it comes to product design, UX and UI are complementary. In today's competitive market, it is essential to get both aspects correct.

Whether you want to work as a UX designer or a UI designer, it is advantageous to have an understanding of both; after all, you will invariably be collaborating.


UX is more concerned with practicality than UI is with beauty.

 UI primarily ensures that the product looks, feels, and operates properly. Therefore, designers of user interfaces should prioritize strengthening the product's visual hierarchy and aesthetic attractiveness.

On the other hand, UX designers should focus on developing an experience that solves user problems and meets their needs.


UX designers are accountable for the following:

  • Problem recognition and definition
  • Defining product use situations
  • User persona creation, comprehension, and evaluation
  • Understanding the needs and obstacles of users
  • Utilizing research to create interaction design
  • Evaluate product usefulness
  • Developing workflows and tasks
  • Developing wireframes of high and low fidelity as well as prototypes.


UI designers are responsible for identifying and implementing the following responsibilities:

  • Superior colour schemes
  • Best design patterns, elements, etc.
  • Typefaces with legibility and beauty
  • The iconography is unmistakable and readily identifiable
  • Interactivity and simplicity of design for navigation


As they provide the blueprint for the entire journey, we may say that a UX designer's work is first.

Next, the UI designer creates elements that, when combined, make the complete experience conceivable and effortless.


Reduce app load time and enhance performance

The definitive guide to a better UX is suggested reading.

UI is restricted to interfaces, whereas UX is not UI, as its name suggests, is restricted to interfaces and more tactile interactions between the customer and the product. For example, the UI consists of the screens on an app and its design elements, such as text, images, and buttons.

However, UX encompasses a broader topic, and its applications go well beyond that. It includes the product, its interface, and associated services, among other things.


However, one should not assume that UI is less important than UX. On the contrary, a smooth experience requires an excellent user interface. They must go hand-in-hand if you wish to achieve perfection in the final product.



UI & UX designs achieve an ideal balance between analytical and creative approaches. UI & UX designs aim to use research, innovation, empathy, and observations that work in tandem to create the best digital goods and user experiences on a worldwide scale.


Specifically, UI & UX design collaborates closely with developers, engineers, and programmers to ensure the success of a digital product.


Any mobile app development firm or web application development company demands the collaborative efforts of experts who provide clients with experiences beyond their wildest dreams.

Here are the following components:

  • Analytical Abilities
  • In-Depth UX & UI Research Teamwork with other members
  • Wireframing
  • Strong Prototyping
  • Interactive Visual Branding and Communication Typography Design
  • Information Architecture Framework for Navigation Storyboards
  • Input Forms
  • Front-end Information and Data Design Specifications and Guidelines.

Read: How UI/UX Impacts User Satisfaction and Retention



The differences between UI vs UX can be noted in the specific roles of a UI and UX designer.

In this section, we will consider the different job descriptions of a UI and UX designer.


UX Designer Skills and Responsibilities

The following are the skills and responsibilities of a UX Designer:

  • Customer Analysis: Competitor Analysis and Product Structure and Strategy

  • Wireframing and Prototyping: Wireframing, Prototyping, Testing/Iteration, Development, and Planning

  • Execution and Analytics: Coordination with Developers and UI Designers, Analysis and Iteration, Goal Tracking and Integration.

Also, the User Experience Designer is responsible for developing and preparing the product's underlying technology. They are also responsible for users' online and offline interactions, including customer service and analytics.


Soft skills for UX designers:

  • Listening,
  • Observation,
  • Perseverance, and
  • Responsiveness



The following are the skills and responsibilities of a UI Designer:

  • Branding and Graphic Design,
  • User Guides/Storyboard,
  • Customer Analysis, and
  • Design Research


Adaptation to All Device Screen Sizes and Interactivity: Animation, Implementation with Developer, User Interface Prototyping, Implementation with Developer


The interface design of a product determines its appearance and outside. It shapes the identity and the brand.

It builds a connection between the product and the user, fostering trust and transmitting the brand concept. Therefore, the UI designer must work closely with other team members, including engineers and the UX designer.

Soft skills for UI designers:

  • Imagination,
  • Accuracy, and
  • Attention to detail

Teamwork vs independent work

Most of the time, UX designers collaborate with many individuals from other departments to reflect on the experience. However, even if they engage with the project manager and the UX designer, UI designers are more "independent" in their work.


UX designers are more concerned with the broad picture and the overall problem, whereas UI designers are more concerned with the details, fine-tuning the interface from top to bottom and adding the finishing touches to ensure the experience is as pleasant and productive as possible.


To wrap it up in a more concise view:

 UX designers are accountable for the entirety of the user experience and for identifying user requirements. In addition, they assist in identifying ways to enhance this experience.


UI designers enhance the appearance and feel of users by portraying the UX designer's vision while supporting the usability and accessibility of the interface, assisting users in understanding how to use the interface and leading them through it.


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