The Current State of Cryptocurrency


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September 08, 2023


In the world of finance today, cryptocurrencies have emerged as an innovative and disruptive force. And these digital assets have captured the imagination of investors, businesses, and policymakers across the world. In this comprehensive article, we will explore the cryptocurrency landscape, its origins, major types, the benefits and risks it brings, the factors driving its recent ascent, as well as the current state of this dynamic market. So whether you are a curious investor, a business owner, or a policymaker, this article is for you.

What is Cryptocurrency?

Cryptocurrency is a digital or virtual form of currency that relies on cryptographic techniques for security. And unlike traditional fiat currencies issued by governments, cryptocurrencies are decentralised and operate on a technology called blockchain. Wondering what blockchain means? Blockchain ensures the security, transparency, and immutability of transactions. While the most common cryptocurrency is Bitcoin, there are thousands of others with diverse features and use cases. A defining feature of cryptocurrencies, you must be aware of, is that they are generally not issued by any central authority, rendering them prone to government interference or manipulation.

10 Major Types of Cryptocurrency

Wondering what the types of cryptocurrency are? Check out some major types of crytocurrency highlighted below:

  • Bitcoin (BTC): Often referred to as digital gold, Bitcoin is the first and most well-known cryptocurrency, serving as a store of value and digital currency. Many businesses around the world now accepts Bitcoin as a legal tender.
  • Ethereum (ETH): Ethereum introduced the concept of smart contracts, enabling the creation of decentralised applications (DApps) and decentralized finance (DeFi) platforms.
  • Ripple (XRP): This crypto focuses on facilitating cross-border payments and remittances for financial institutions. It also offers faster and cheaper alternatives to traditional systems.
  • Litecoin (LTC): Created as "silver" to Bitcoin's "gold," Litecoin offers faster transaction confirmation times and lower fees.
  • Bitcoin Cash (BCH): A fork of Bitcoin, Bitcoin Cash aims to provide faster and cheaper transactions for everyday use.
  • Cardano (ADA): Cardano is known for its research-driven approach, aiming to provide a secure and scalable infrastructure for smart contracts.
  • Polkadot (DOT): Polkadot is a platform that connects multiple blockchains, enabling interoperability and scalability.
  • Binance Coin (BNB): Binance Coin powers the Binance exchange and offers various utility functions within the Binance ecosystem.
  • Chainlink (LINK): Chainlink provides decentralized oracles that enable smart contracts to interact with real-world data and events.
  • Stellar (XLM): This crypto focuses on facilitating cross-border transactions and connects financial institutions, with a focus on inclusivity and low costs.

Benefits of Cryptocurrency

Detailed below are some benefits of crytocurrency:

  • Decentralisation: With cryptocurrencies operating on decentralised networks, the influence of central authorities is reduced while financial inclusivity gains notable promotion. It also makes cryptocurrencies more resistant to fraud and corruption.
  • Security: Blockchain technology ensures that transactions are secure, transparent, and immutable. Blockchain technology is a secure way to store and transmit data. This is because blockchain is a distributed ledger, which means that it is not stored in any one place. Instead, it is stored on a network of computers. This makes it very difficult for hackers to corrupt or hack the blockchain. However, cryptocurrencies are still a relatively new technology, and there have been some security breaches. It is important to store your cryptocurrency in a secure wallet.
  • Accessibility: Cryptocurrencies can be accessed and used by anyone with an internet connection, regardless of geographical location. This makes cryptocurrencies a potentially powerful tool for financial inclusion, as they can be used by people who do not have access to traditional financial services. However, there are still some challenges to using cryptocurrencies, such as the need to set up a cryptocurrency wallet.
  • Innovation: With the evolving financial world, cryptocurrencies drive technological innovation, such as smart contracts and decentralised applications. Smart contracts are self-executing contracts that are stored on the blockchain. This means that they do not require a third party to enforce them.
  • Faster transactions: Cryptocurrencies can be transferred much faster than traditional fiat currencies. This is because they do not require the approval of a central authority.
  • Lower transaction fees: They typically have lower transaction fees than traditional fiat currencies. This is because they do not require the same level of infrastructure.
  • Portability: They can be easily stored and transferred, making them a more portable form of currency.
  • Privacy: Cryptocurrencies can offer a higher degree of privacy than traditional fiat currencies. This is because transactions are not recorded on a public ledger.

Risks of Cryptocurrency

Despite the benefits of cryptocurrency, it has its own risks as well. Check out some of the risks below:

  • Volatility: Cryptocurrencies are known for their price volatility, which can result in significant gains but also substantial losses. It’s important to be cautious.
  • Regulatory Uncertainty: The regulatory environment for cryptocurrencies varies by country and can change rapidly. The uncertainties due to policies from governments could readily affect its operations.
  • Security Risks: While blockchain is secure, individuals can still fall victim to scams, hacks, and phishing attacks. You could lose all your cryptocurrencies if you are not very careful.
  • Lack of Consumer Protection: Unlike traditional banks, cryptocurrency transactions are irreversible, and there is limited recourse in case of disputes.

Why is the Cryptomarket Rising Today?

In recent years, the cryptocurrency market has experienced remarkable growth. Several factors contribute to this rise:

  • Institutional Investment: Large institutional investors and companies are entering the market. This has added legitimacy and liquidity.
  • DeFi and NFTs: Decentralised finance (DeFi) platforms and non-fungible tokens (NFTs) have gained significant attention, expanding the use cases of blockchain technology.
  • Hedge Against Inflation: Cryptocurrencies are increasingly viewed as a hedge against inflation and economic uncertainty.
  • Global Adoption: Cryptocurrencies are gaining wider acceptance for everyday transactions and international remittances.

The Current State of Cryptocurrency

The current state of cryptocurrency presents both opportunities and challenges. However, staying informed and cautious is essential for individuals and businesses trying to navigate this dynamic market. Key aspects of the current state of the cryptocurrency market are highlighted below:

  • Market capitalisation: The total market capitalization of all cryptocurrencies combined is over $1.7 trillion as of March 8, 2023. This is down from over $2 trillion in early 2021. However, the market has been fluctuating in recent weeks, hence, it is possible that the market capitalization could reach $2 trillion again in the near future.
  • Bitcoin dominance: Due to the rise of alternative cryptocurrencies, such as Ethereum and various DeFi tokens, bitcoin's dominance is 41.7%, down from 69.9% in early 2021. Although, bitcoin is still the most popular cryptocurrency by far, it is likely to remain the dominant cryptocurrency for the foreseeable future. Of course, there are bound to be surprises though.
  • DeFi and NFTs: These are still two major trends in the cryptocurrency market. However, the DeFi space has cooled off in 2023, as many projects have failed to live up to their promises. NFTs have also seen a decline in popularity, as the market has become flooded with low-quality NFTs. However, there are still some promising DeFi and NFT projects, and these could become more popular in the future.
  • Institutional Adoption: Institutional adoption of cryptocurrency has slowed in 2023, as many investors have become wary of the volatility of the market. We also still have some notable investments, such as the Grayscale Bitcoin Trust, which has over $40 billion in assets under management. It is possible that institutional adoption could pick up again in the future, as more investors become familiar with cryptocurrency.
  • Regulatory Developments: Governments and regulators worldwide are still in the process of formulating cryptocurrency regulations. There has been some progress, such as the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) approving the first Bitcoin exchange-traded fund (ETF). And this could also lead to more institutional investment in cryptocurrency.
  • Environmental Concerns: A major concern of cryptocurrency mining is the environmental impact. However, some cryptocurrency projects are working on more energy-efficient consensus mechanisms. It is possible that these projects could make cryptocurrency mining more sustainable in the future.
  • Stablecoins: This continue to play a significant role in facilitating trading and liquidity within the crypto market. While there have been some concerns about the stability of some stablecoins, such as TerraUSD, it is important to do your research before investing in any stablecoin.
  • Cryptocurrency Exchanges: Several cryptocurrency exchanges, both centralised and decentralised, are still active in facilitating trading. 2023 has seen some high-profile hacks of cryptocurrency exchanges, and this has led to concerns about the security of these platforms. Hence, it is important to choose a cryptocurrency exchange that is reputable and secure.
  • Volatility: Cryptocurrency prices remain highly volatile in 2023. This volatility has made it difficult for investors to predict the future of the cryptocurrency market. Hence, you must bear in mind that cryptocurrency is a long-term investment, and short-term volatility should not be a major concern.
  • Technological Development: Ongoing upgrades and innovations in blockchain technology are still aimed at improving scalability, security, and transaction speed. Ethereum's transition to Ethereum 2.0 is still a notable development. Though, the transition has been delayed, and it is not yet clear when it will be completed. These technological developments could make cryptocurrency more accessible and useful in the future.


Cryptocurrencies have transformed the financial landscape, offering benefits like decentralisation, security, and accessibility, but also carrying risks of volatility and regulatory uncertainty. However, always keep in mind that the cryptocurrency market is constantly evolving, and new developments occur rapidly. Overall, do your research before investing in cryptocurrency, and only invest money that you can afford to lose.


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